This is a Leutnant’s Ulanka from Ulanen-Regiment König Karl (1. Württ.) Nr 19. The regiment was founded in 1683. It was garrisoned at Ulm-Wiblingen, where it was attached to the XIII. Armeekorps (primarily consisting Württemberg Regiments). The Regiment was the senior of the two Württemberg Ulanen-Regiments. [The second of the two regiments from Württemberg was Ulanen-Regiment König Wilhelm I. (2. Württ.). It was not established until 1809. It was garrisoned at Ludwigsburg, where it was also attached to the XIII. Armeekorps]. The ulanka has a dark-blue body, with a double row of seven (fourteen total) silver buttons. The collar features massive silver bullion kragenspiegels that boast a lustrous patina. The sleeves are red. Each sleeve sports a single silver bullion kragenspiegel mounted by a small silver button. The epaulettes are the dress version of shoulder boards, and resemble banjos, hence their nickname, “Banjo Boards.” Each epaulette displays a silver frame and König Karl of Württemberg’s gilt, crowned royal cypher. These epaulettes are of the slip-on variety. Each displays a small silver button.
A very important and attractive ulanka feature is its red parade plastron (ornamental shirtfront). This attachment is v-shaped and buttons onto the tunic’s front via the aforementioned fourteen silver buttons. The contrast of the red plastron against the dark-blue tunic is quite striking. It matches the sleeves in a most handsome manner. The tunic’s reverse features red piping, with a total of ten large silver buttons decorating the vent area. The tunic’s interior reveals a fine black silk liner. Some scattered moth nips appear on the tunic, mostly on the front and toward the bottom on both sides. A period repair appears on the reverse. It has a bit more mothing than we normally prefer, but this does not detract from the tunic’s overall beauty. It is such an elite regiment and THE oldest Ulanen-Regiment in the entire German Army!