SAXONY – ALBERT ORDER COMMANDER’S CROSS (2nd MODEL)
The Albert Order series was a key decoration range in the Kingdom of Saxony. Like Prussia, Saxony had more than one line of decorations. The kingdom awarded two principal groups of orders and decorations. The first group contained the Military St. Heinrich Orders, and the second held the Albert Orders. The St. Heinrich was reserved for military officers in both peace and wartime. The Albert Order was given to both military and civil officials. The Albert Order was first offered in 1850. It was awarded as a first model from 1850 to 1876. The second model was awarded from 1876 to 1918. It was awarded at the top level as a Grand Cross (Großkreuz), in both a neck badge and a Breast Star. The next level down was the Commander’s Cross (Komturkreuz). Again, it was awarded as a neck order and as a Breast Star. Following the Commander’s Cross, the Albert Order was offered as a pinback award (OFFIZIERKREUZ), Knight’s Cross 1st Class, Knight’s Cross 2nd Class, and finally as the Albrechtskreuz (Albert Cross). Our offering today is an Albert Order at the Commander’s level. This very handsome decoration measures 3 1/2″ from crown to bottom. The crown measures 1″ x 1 1/4,” while the cross itself measures 2 1/2″ x 2 1/8.” The decoration sports massive, white, enameled arms. In the obverse’s center is a gilt profile of Albert, with blue and gold enamel surrounding the white enamel background to which the Albert medallion is affixed. A green enameled wreath connects all of the decoration’s arms. The reverse displays the Saxon Coat-of-Arms on a white enamel center. The date of institution, 1850, also appears on the reverse.
The decoration is made of silver gilt. On the six o’ clock arm is a “G” for Glaser. This well-known firm was located in Dresden. They produced excellent orders and decorations, even flight badges. The decoration comes on a 15″ length of correct green and white ribbon, which also measures 2 1/4″ in width. It is not a full-length ribbon, as the ties are not in place. This example is in beautiful condition. It has no enamel problems that I can detect.